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Aquilegia coerulea
Logical classificationedit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae
Genus: Aquilegia
Species: A. coerulea
Binomial name
Aquilegia coerulea
Aquilegia coerulea, the Colorado blue columbine, is a types of blossoming plant in the buttercup family Ranunculaceae, local to the Rocky Mountains, USA.

The Latin explicit name coerulea (or caerulea) signifies “sky blue”.[1]

1 Description
2 Distribution
3 Cultivation
4 Gallery
5 References
6 External connections
It is a herbaceous perpetual plant frequently found at rises of 2,100 to 3,700 m (6,900 to 12,100 ft). It develops to 20-60 cm (7.9-23.6 in) tall, with blossoms growing in inflorescences delivered from the short apical meristem.[2] The blossoms are truly factor in shading, from light blue (as in the species name coerulea) to white, light yellow and pinkish; ordinarily the blossoms are bicolored, with the sepals an alternate shade to the petals. They comprise of five petals, five sepals and an ovary encompassed by 50 to 130 stamens. Five long prods hang beneath the calyx and contain nectar at their tips, open just to hawkmoths. Notwithstanding hawkmoths, pollinators for this blossom incorporate honey bees, lone honey bees and syrphid flies.[3] Its local natural surroundings incorporate sodden woods and open mountain meadows.[4]

Aquilegia coerulea is the state blossom of Colorado.[5]

It is found in Colorado, south eastern Idaho, southern Montana, Wyoming, northern New Mexico, and Utah.[6]

Aquilegia coerulea is utilized as a decorative plant in gardens, and has acquired the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.[7] Its normal fluctuation is taken advantage of in the determination of various cultivars in various shades. Cultivars incorporate ‘Origami’ [8] and ‘Ruby Star’.


Yellow-p shading variation

cv. ‘Red Star’ in apparent light, UV (showing nectar guides), and IR.

^ Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for Gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. ISBN 978-1845337315.
^ Pabón-Mora, Natalia; Sharma, Bharti; Holappa, Lynn D.; Kramer, Elena M.; Litt, Amy (March 7, 2013). “The Aquilegia FRUITFULL-like genes play key roles in leaf morphogenesis and inflorescence development”. The Plant Journal. 74 (2): 198–199. doi:10.1111/tpj.12113. PMID 23294330.
^ Brunet, Johanne (2009). “Pollinators of the Rocky Mountain columbine: temporal variation, functional groups and associations with floral traits”. Annals of Botany. 103 (9): 1567–1578. doi:10.1093/aob/mcp096. PMC 2701757. PMID 19414518.
^ “Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center – The University of Texas at Austin”. Retrieved 2021-12-20.
^ “State Flower”. State of Colorado. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
^ “Aquilegia coerulea”. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
^ “RHS Plantfinder – Aquilegia coerulea”. Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
^ Trim Tree Nursery: Aquilegia caerulea ‘Origami Mix’