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For different utilizations, see Azalea (disambiguation).

Rhododendron ‘Hinodegiri’
Azaleas/əˈzeɪliə/are blossoming bushes in the variety Rhododendron, especially the previous areas Tsutsuji (evergreen) and Pentanthera (deciduous). Azaleas sprout in the spring (April and May) in the calm Northern Hemisphere, and October and November in the Southern Hemisphere),[1] their blossoms frequently enduring a little while. Conceal lenient, they incline toward living close or under trees. They are important for the family Ericaceae.

1 Cultivation
2 Classification
2.1 Native American azaleas
3 Disease
4 Cultural importance and imagery
5 Toxicity
6 Azalea celebrations
6.1 Japan
6.2 Korea
6.3 Hong Kong
6.4 United States
7 See moreover
8 References
9 External connections

Fifty-year-old azalea
Plant aficionados have specifically reared azaleas for many years. This human choice has created more than 10,000 unique cultivars which are engendered by cuttings.[citation needed] Azalea seeds can likewise be gathered and developed.

Azaleas are by and large sluggish developing and do best in very much depleted acidic soil (4.5-6.0 pH).[2] Fertilizer needs are low. A few animal categories need standard pruning.

Azaleas are local to a few landmasses including Asia, Europe and North America. They are planted richly as ornamentals in the southeastern US, southern Asia, and portions of southwest Europe.[citation needed]

A George Taber azalea
As per azalea student of history Fred Galle, in the United States, Azalea indica (for this situation, the gathering of plants called Southern indicas) was first acquainted with the outside scene during the 1830s at the rice manor Magnolia-on-the-Ashley in Charleston, South Carolina. From Philadelphia, where they were filled distinctly in nurseries, John Grimke Drayton (Magnolia’s proprietor) imported the plants for use in his domain garden. With consolation from Charles Sprague Sargent from Harvard’s Arnold Arboretum, Magnolia Gardens was opened to people in general in 1871, following the American Civil War. Magnolia is one of the most seasoned public nurseries in America. Since the late nineteenth century, in late March and early April, thousands visit to see the azaleas blossom in their full glory.[citation needed]

Local American azaleas
Primary article: North American azaleas
Fundamental article: List of azalea sicknesses
Azalea verdant nerve can be especially disastrous to azalea leaves during the late-winter. Hand picking tainted leaves is the suggested strategy for control.[3]

They can likewise be dependent upon phytophthora root decay in soggy, hot conditions.[4]

Social importance and imagery

Azaleas in New Jersey
In Chinese culture, the azalea is known as “considering home hedge” (sixiang shu), and is deified in the verse of Du Fu.

The azalea is likewise one of the images of the city of São Paulo, Brazil.[5]

Azaleas and rhododendrons were once so scandalous for their harmfulness that to get a bunch of their roses in a dark jar was a notable demise threat.[6]

As well as being eminent for its excellence, the azalea is likewise exceptionally poisonous it contains andromedotoxins in the two its leaves and nectar, including honey from the nectar.[7] Bees are intentionally benefited from Azalea/Rhododendron nectar in certain pieces of Turkey, creating a psyche changing, possibly therapeutic, and sporadically deadly honey known as “frantic honey”.[8]

Azalea celebrations

Azalea Festival at Nezu Jinja
Motoyama, Kōchi likewise has a blossom celebration where the sprouting of Tsutsuji is praised and Tatebayashi, Gunma is popular for its Azalea Hill Park, Tsutsuji-ga-oka. Nezu Shrine in Bunkyo, Tokyo, holds a Tsutsuji Matsuri from early April until early May. Higashi Village has facilitated an azalea celebration every year beginning around 1976. The town’s 50,000 azalea plants attract an expected 60,000 to 80,000 guests every year.


Azalea in Korea
Sobaeksan, one of the 12 notable Sobaek Mountains, lying on the boundary between Chungbuk Province and Gyeongbuk has a regal azalea (Rhododendron schlippenbachii) celebration hung on May consistently. Sobaeksan has an azalea state spotted around Biro mountain ridge, Gukmang and Yonwha from the get-go in May. At the point when illustrious azaleas have become pink toward the finish of May, it seems as though Sobaeksan wears a pink Jeogori (Korean customary jacket).[9]

Hong Kong
The Ma On Shan Azalea Festival is held in Ma On Shan, where six local species (Rhododendron championae, Rhododendron farrerae, Rhododendron hongkongense, Rhododendron moulmainense, Rhododendron simiarum and Rhododendron simsii [10]) are found nearby. The celebration has been held beginning around 2034; it incorporates exercises, for example, presentations, photograph challenges and carnivals.[11]


Azalea, an individual from the class Rhododendron
Numerous urban communities in the United States have celebrations in the spring commending the blossoms of the azalea, including Summerville, South Carolina; Hamilton, NJ; Mobile, Alabama; Jasper, Texas; Tyler, Texas; Norfolk, Virginia;[12] Wilmington, North Carolina (North Carolina Azalea Festival);[13] Valdosta, Georgia;[14] Palatka, (Florida Azalea Festival);[15] Pickens, South Carolina;[16] Muskogee, Oklahoma; Brookings, Oregon; and Nixa, Missouri.

The Azalea Trail is an assigned way, planted with azaleas in private gardens, through Mobile, Alabama.[17] The Azalea Trail Run is a yearly street running occasion held there in late March. Versatile, Alabama is additionally home to the Azalea Trail Maids, fifty ladies picked to fill in as ministers of the city while wearing prior to the war dresses, who initially partook in a three-day celebration, yet presently work all through the year.[citation needed]

The Azalea Society of America assigned Houston, Texas, an “azalea city”.[citation needed] The River Oaks Garden Club has directed the Houston Azalea Trail each spring since 1935.[citation needed]

Valdosta, Georgia is known as the Azalea City, as the plant fills in abundance there. The city has a yearly Azalea Festival in March.

See also[edit]
List of Award of Garden Merit rhododendrons
List of plants poisonous to equines
^ The World Book encyclopedia. Chicago: World Book. 2004. p. 995. ISBN 0716601044. OCLC 52514287.
^ “Home & Garden Information Center – Clemson Cooperative Extension – Clemson University, South Carolina”. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
^ Chopra, V. L.; Singh, Markandey (2013-07-01). Ornamental Plants for Gardening. Scientific Publishers. ISBN 978-93-86237-79-8.
^ Benson, D.M. “Azalea Diseases in the Landscape”. Plant pathology extension NCSU. North Carolina State University. Archived from the original on 16 July 2010. Retrieved 27 January 2011.
^ Municipal law of the city of São Paulo nr. 14472 of 2007.
^ “Stopping to Smell the Rhododendron | Natural Selections”. Retrieved 2020-08-14.
^ “University of Pennsylvania’s Poisonous Plants Home Page”. Archived from the original on 2012-03-17.
^ “The Strange History of ‘Mad Honey’ – Modern Farmer”. 4 September 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
^ Department of Culture & Tourism, Danyang-gun County Office
^ “Native Azaleas in Hong Kong” (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-01-23. Retrieved 2014-05-24.
^ “Ma On Shan Azalea”.
^ Norfolk NATO Azalea Festival Website
^ “North Carolina Azalea Festival – A Scene to be Seen!”. North Carolina Azalea Festival. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
^ Valdosta, Georgia, Spring Celebration at Callaway Gardens in Pine Mountain, GA, Azalea Festival Website
^ “FLAZALEAFEST.COM”. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
^ “Pickens Azalea Festival”. Archived from the original on 1 February 2018. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
^ “City of Mobile, Azalea Trail Maps”.