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Lilium michauxii (at left)
Species: L. michauxii
Lilium carolinianum Michx. 1803, ill-conceived homonym not Bosc ex Lam. 1792
Lilium autumnale G.Lodd.
Lilium michauxianum Schult. and Schult.f.
Lilium lockettii Featherm.
Carolina lily, Uwharrie National Forest, North Carolina, USA
Lilium michauxii, ordinarily known as the Carolina lily, can be found in the southeastern United States from southern Virginia in the north to the Florida Panhandle in the south to eastern Texas in the west. It is generally normal in July and August however can be tracked down blossoming as late as October. It was named for the French botanist André Michaux, who voyaged and did broad exploration all through the Southeast.
The normal name “Carolina lily” mirrors a more established scientific classification that utilized the name Lilium carolinianum for both L. michauxii and L. catesbaei. Another normal name, Turk’s cap lily, has been recorded for L. michauxii, albeit L. superbum (which is practically the same in appearance to L. michauxii) shares this normal name.
The Carolina lily can develop to 3½ feet tall with blossoms 3-4 creeps across. It is the main fragrant lily east of the Rocky Mountains. Its petals twist in reverse and are spotted. Colors range from yellow through orange to red for foundation petal tone and from red through purple to brown for the spots. (Note photograph beneath)
The Carolina lily is the authority state wildflower of North Carolina.
^ 1880 illustration by Walter Hood Fitch (1817 – 1892) Scanned from: Henry John Elwes: A monograph of the genus Lilium; illustrated by W.H. Fitch. Taylor and Francis, London 1880
^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
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a b c d Bailey, L.H.; Bailey, E.Z.; the staff of the Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium (1976). Hortus third: A concise dictionary of plants cultivated in the United States and Canada. Macmillan, New York.
^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
^ Lamarck, Jean Baptiste Antoine Pierre de Monnet de 1814. Encyclopédie Méthodique. Botanique Supplément 3(2): 457 in Latin.
^ Bailey, L.H. 1929. The Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture : A discussion, for the amateur, and the professional and commercial grower, of the kinds, characteristics and methods of cultivation of the species of plants grown in the regions of the United States and Canada for ornament, for fancy, for fruit and for vegetables; with keys to the natural families and genera, descriptions of the horticultural capabilities of the states and provinces and dependent islands, and sketches of eminent horticulturists. The MacMillan Company, New York.
^ Flora of North America Vol. 26 Page 195 Carolina lily Lilium michauxii Poiret in J. Lamarck et al., Encycl., Suppl. 3: 457. 1814.