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“Firewheel” diverts here. For the Garland, Texas mall, see Firewheel Town Center.
Gaillardia pulchella
Gaillardia in Aspen (91273).jpg
Indian cover inflorescence
Preservation status

Evidently Secure (NatureServe)[1]
Logical classificationedit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Gaillardia
Species: G. pulchella
Binomial name
Gaillardia pulchella
Foug., 1788
Gaillardia pulchella (firewheel, Indian cover, Indian blanketflower, or sundance), is a North American types of brief lasting or yearly blossoming plants in the sunflower family.[3][4][5][6][7][8]

1 Description
2 Cultivation
2.1 Cultivars
3 Distribution
4 Ecology
5 References
6 External connections

Firewheel or Indian Blanket

The fanning stem of Gaillardia pulchella is shaggy and upstanding, developing to 60 cm (2 ft) tall. The leaves are substitute, for the most part basal, 4-8 cm long, with edges smooth to coarsely toothed or lobed. It has a bristly stem, straightforward or spread close to the base, where the leaves are basically situated towards the lower part of the plant.

The pinwheel, daisy-like inflorescences are 4-6 cm in measurement, distinctively hued with red, orange and yellow and is encircled by 10 to 20 fleurons ligulate three projections. The focal circle florets of the blossom head will generally be more red-violet, with the external beam florets being yellow. In one assortment, practically the whole blossom is red, with unquestionably the barest tips of the petals contacted with yellow. It blossoms for all intents and purposes all year in certain areas, yet more ordinarily in summer to late-summer.

The natural product is an achene, practically pyramidal, bristly, and delayed by a pappus 5 to 8 mm in length.[9][10]

Gaillardia pulchella is a tough plant, not exacting with regards to soil, however sandy and all around depleted are ideal. It has a high dry spell resistance and does best with a dry, sweltering environment in full sun. Its energetically hued blossoms should be visible covering fields and the sides of parkways for a significant distance in the mid year to pre-winter. Inclined toward by bumble bees, it creates a dim rosy golden rich tasting honey. In the nursery, the blossoms can be deadheaded to advance further sprouting. It self-seeds unreservedly.


‘Light Yellow’ cultivar
Gaillardia pulchella (with the enduring Gaillardia aristata) is the parent of Gaillardia x grandiflora, a half and half, from which a few cultivars have been made. One of these is ‘Sundance Bicolor’, a lasting twofold structure with the bloom heads having florets of rotating red and yellow. On account of its brilliant tones, it is very much adjusted in the sun. Others are ‘Troll’ and ‘Tangerine’.[11][12]

It is local to northern Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Sonora, Tamaulipas) and the southern and focal United States from Arizona east to Florida and the Carolinas and north to the extent Nebraska. It is likewise naturalized in dispersed areas in different pieces of the United States just as in Québec, Ontario, China, South Africa, and portions of South and Central America.[13] The plant by and large lives in the sandy fields and deserts of the south of the North American landmass. It is normal along the streets and inclines toward sandy soils. It can likewise develop on empty parts in metropolitan regions, yet by and large under 1000 meters above ocean level.[14]

It is the state wildflower of Oklahoma. The blossom has additionally been acquainted with the Penghu Islands in Taiwan, where it is the County Flower of Penghu County. It is classified “天人菊” (“Tianren Daisy”) in Chinese.[15]

Gaillardia pulchella is a larval host to the lined fix butterfly (Chlosyne lacinia) and the painted schinia moth (Schinia volupia), which feed upon its foliage.[16]

^ NatureServe Explorer record
^ The Plant List, Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
^ Turner, B. L. 2013. The comps of Mexico. A systematic account of the family Asteraceae (chapter 11: tribe Helenieae). Phytologia Memoirs 16: 1–100
^ Jørgensen, P. M., M. H. Nee & S. G. Beck. (eds.) 2014. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia, Monographs in systematic botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127(1–2): i–viii, 1–1744
^ Nelson, C. H. 2008. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Honduras 1–1576. Secretaria de Recursos Naturales y Ambiente, Tegucigalpa
^ Gibbs Russell, G. E., W. G. M. Welman, E. Retief, K. L. Immelman, G. Germishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. Van Wyk & A. Nicholas. 1987. List of species of southern African plants. Memoirs of the Botanical Survey of South Africa 2(1–2): 1–152(pt. 1), 1–270(pt. 2).
^ Flora of China, Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux, 1788. 天人菊 tian ren ju
^ United States Department of Agriculture Plant Profile: Gaillardia pulchella
^ Flora of North America: Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux, 1788. Firewheel, Indian blanket
^ “Gaillardia pulchella”. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 24 December 2017.
^ Colorado State University: Gaillardia pulchella ‘Sundance Bicolor’
^ Seeds and More: Gaillardia ‘Sundance Bicolor’
^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
^ MacMahon JA (1997) Deserts , National Audubon Society Nature Guides, AA Knopf Inc. ISBN 0-394-73139-5
^ “Penghu County Flower”.
^ The Xerces Society (2016), Gardening for Butterflies: How You Can Attract and Protect Beautiful, Beneficial Insects, Timber Press.