For different utilizations, see Laelia (disambiguation).
(Kunth) Schltr. 1914
Laelia is a little class of 25 species in the orchid family (Orchidaceae). Laelia species are found in areas of subtropical or calm environment in Central and South America, yet for the most part in Mexico. Laelia is condensed L. in the plant trade.
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For the most part epiphyte spices (with a couple of lithophytes) with along the side compacted pseudobulbs. One to four weathered or plump leaves are brought into the world close to the highest point of every pseudobulb, and can be extensively applaud to oblong. The inflorescence is a terminal raceme (seldom a panicle). The blossoms have 8 pollinia; petals are of a more slender surface than the sepals; sepals and petals are of comparative shape, yet the sepals being smaller; the lip or labellum is liberated from the curved bloom column.
Types of Laelia can be found from western Mexico south to Bolivia, from ocean level to mountain forests.
The sort Laelia was portrayed as a feature of subfamily Epidendroideae by John Lindley. Brazilian Laelias, in the wake of being arranged for a long time under Sophronitis, have now been put in the family Cattleya. Moreover, species previously positioned in the variety Schomburgkia have been moved either to the class Laelia or Myrmecophila.
Laelia includes the accompanying species:
Image Name Distribution Elevation (m)
Laelia albida Orchi 005.jpg Laelia albida Bateman ex Lindl. 1839 Mexico 1,000-2,000 meters (3,300-6,600 ft)
Laelia anceps var. veitchiana at the Pacific Orchid Exposition 2010.jpg Laelia anceps Lindl. 1835 Mexico and Honduras 500-1,500 meters (1,600-4,900 ft)
Laelia aurea A.Navarro 1990 Mexico ( Durango, Sinaloa and Nayarit ) 200 meters (660 ft)
L. autumnalis.JPG Laelia autumnalis (Lex.) Lindl. 1831 Mexico 1,500-2,600 meters (4,900-8,500 ft)
Laelia colombiana – Flickr. 003.jpg Laelia colombiana J.M.H.Shaw 2008 Colombia and Venezuela
Laelia elata – Flickr – Alejandro Bayer (3) – cropped.jpg Laelia elata (Schltr.) J.M.H.Shaw 2009 Colombia
Laelia eyermaniana Rchb.f. 1888 Mexico (Nayarit, Michoacán, and Jalisco, Sonora, Chihuahua, Durango, Guanajuato, and Querétaro. Halbinger) 1,600-2,600 meters (5,200-8,500 ft)
Laelia furfuracea Orchi 002.jpg Laelia furfuracea Lindl. 1839 Mexico (Oxaca) 2,100-3,000 meters (6,900-9,800 ft)
Laelia gloriosa (Rchb.f.) L.O.Williams 1860 Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and northern Brazil 200-850 meters (660-2,790 ft)
Laelia gouldiana-003.jpg Laelia gouldiana Rchb.f. 1888 Mexico Hidalgo 1,550 meters (5,090 ft)
Laelia × halbingeriana Salazar and Soto Arenas Oaxaca, Mexico 1,160 meters (3,810 ft)
Laelia heidii (Carnevali) Van lair Berg and M.W.Chase 2004 Colombia and Venezuela
Schomburgkia – Laelia lueddemannii (35614934044) – cropped.jpg Laelia lueddemannii (Prill.) L.O.Williams 1940 Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia and Venezuela 0-600 meters (0-1,969 ft)
Laelia lyonsii (Lindl.) L.O.Williams 1941 Cuba and Jamaica 0-800 meters (0-2,625 ft)
Schomburgkia crispa-01.jpg Laelia marginata (Lindl.) L.O.Williams 1941 Colombia, Venezuela, French Guyana, Guyana, Suriname and Northern Brazil
Laelia mottae Archila, Chiron, Szlach. and Pérez-García 2014 Guatemala 400 meters (1,300 ft)
Laelia moyobambae (Schltr.) C.Schweinf. 1944 Bolivia and Peru
Laelia rosea (Linden ex Lindl.) C.Schweinf. 1967 Colombia, Venezuela and Guyana
Laelia rubescens Orchi 038.jpg Laelia rubescens Lindl. 1840 Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua 0-1,700 meters (0-5,577 ft)
Laelia schultzei (Schltr.) J.M.H.Shaw 2008 Colombia
Laelia speciosa.jpg Laelia speciosa (Kunth) Schltr. 1914 Mexico 1,400-2,400 meters (4,600-7,900 ft)
Laelia splendida (Schltr.) L.O.Williams 1941 Colombia and Ecuador 600-1,500 meters (2,000-4,900 ft)
Laelia superbiens Orchi 001.jpg Laelia superbiens Lindl. 1840 Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua 800-2,000 meters (2,600-6,600 ft)
Schomburgkia undulata 0zz.jpg Laelia undulata (Lindl.) L.O.Williams 1941 Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Peru, Trinidad, Venezuela 600-1,200 meters (2,000-3,900 ft)
Laelia weberbaueriana (Kraenzl.) C.Schweinf. 1944 Peru and Bolivia 200-1,300 meters (660-4,270 ft)
Species in this class are found in woodlands from ocean level to mountain environments over 2000 m. Species from over 2000 m of rise like L. albida, and L. autumnalis are adjusted to mild environments and can be filled outside in places like the Mexican Plateau, California and other subtropical regions with cool summers.
Laelia is one of the orchid genera known to utilize crassulacean corrosive digestion photosynthesis, which lessens evapotranspiration during sunlight since carbon dioxide is gathered around evening time.
Laelias can be become secured to tree trunks, as long as the tree won’t project a profound shadow; they can likewise be attached to a piece of branch or a chunk of plug so they can be hung in a spot confronting south. The developing medium should have great seepage, quickly drying in the wake of watering; bits of pine bark, charcoal or rocks are great choices. If developed mounted they certainly need around 50-70% stickiness, while cooler temperatures increment the sprouting process. Watering should be possible 2-3 times each week, yet with lower recurrence in winter. Fertilization should be possible with an extremely weaken arrangement, double a month particularly during developing season (May to November in Northern Hemisphere).
Half and halves of Laelia with other orchid genera are set in the accompanying nothogenera (this rundown is deficient):
Laeliocattleya (Lc.) = Cattleya × Laelia
Laeliocatonia (Lctna.) = Broughtonia × Cattleya × Laelia
Laeliocatarthron (Lcr.) = Cattleya × Caularthron × Laelia
Sophrolaelia (Sl.) = Laelia × Sophronitis
Rhyncholaelia is a particular sort rather than a nothogenus.
Jump up to:
a b “Laelia (Orchidaceae) – The Plant List”. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
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a b c d e f g h i j k Halbinger, F.; Soto, M. (1997). “Laelias of Mexico”. Orquídea. 15: 1–160.
^ “Alphabetical list of standard abbreviations of all generic names occurring in current use in orchid hybrid registration as at 31st December 2007” (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society.
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a b c d Schweinfurth, C. (1960). “Orchids of Peru”. Fieldiana. Chicago Natural History Museum. 30 (3): 536.
^ Schweinfurth, C. (1970). “First supplement to the Orchids of Peru”. Fieldiana. Field Museum of Natural History. 33: 46.
^ John Lindley (1830–1840). The genera and species of orchidaceous plants. Ridgways; available from Biodiversity Heritage Library. p. 115.
^ C. van den Berg; M. W. Chase (2000). “Nomenclatural notes on Laeliinae – I.”. Lindleyana. 15 (2): 115–119.
^ Berg, Cássio van den (2014). “Reaching a compromise between conflicting nuclear and plastid phylogenetic trees: a new classification for the genus Cattleya (Epidendreae; Epidendroideae; Orchidaceae)”. Phytotaxa. 186 (2): 75–86. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.186.2.2. ISSN 1179-3163.
^ Allikas, Greg (September 2009). “Farewell Schomburgkia”. American Orchid Society. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
^ Thompson, Cable. “orchid care tips”. Retrieved 4 February 2018.