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Phoradendron leucarpum
American Mistletoe (NGM XXXI p514).jpg
Phoradendron leucarpum[1]
Logical classificationedit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Santalales
Family: Santalaceae
Genus: Phoradendron
Species: P. leucarpum
Binomial name
Phoradendron leucarpum
(Raf.) Reveal and M. C. Johnst.
Event information from GBIF
Phoradendron flavescens (Pursh) Nutt. ex A. Dim
Phoradendron serotinum (Raf.) M. C. Johnst.
Phoradendron tomentosum (DC.) A. Dim
Phoradendron villosum (Nutt.) Engelm.
Viscum leucarpum Raf. (basionym)
Viscum serotinum Raf.
Viscum tomentosum DC.
Viscum villosum Nutt.
Phoradendron leucarpum is a types of mistletoe in the Viscaceae family which is local to the United States and Mexico. Its generally expected names incorporate American mistletoe, eastern mistletoe, bushy mistletoe and oak mistletoe. It is local to Mexico and the mainland United States.[3] It is hemiparasitic, living in the parts of trees. The berries are white and 3-6 millimeters (0.12-0.24 in).[4][5] It has inverse leaves that are weathered and thick. [6] Ingesting the berries can cause “stomach and digestive bothering with looseness of the bowels, brought down circulatory strain, and slow pulse”.[4][7] This bush can develop to 1 meter (3.3 ft) by 1 meter (3.3 ft).[7]

1 Culture and custom
2 Ecology
3 Wildlife
4 See too
5 References
Culture and custom
Phoradendron leucarpum is utilized in North America as a proxy for the comparative European mistletoe Viscum collection, in Christmas design and related customs, (for example, “kissing under the mistletoe”), just as in ceremonies by present day druids. It is financially collected and sold for those purposes.[8]

Phoradendron leucarpum is the state botanical image for the province of Oklahoma. The state didn’t have an authority bloom, leaving mistletoe as the accepted state blossom until the Oklahoma Rose was assigned as such in 2004.[9]

North of 60 types of trees are hosts to P. leucarpum, particularly trees in the genera of Acer (maple), Fraxinus (debris), Juglans (pecans), Nyssa, Platanus (plane trees), Populus (poplars), Quercus (oaks), Salix (willows), and Ulmus (elms).[2]

Natural life
While the tacky substance covering the natural products is harmful to people, it is a top choice of some birds.[10]

See also[edit]
Phoradendron villosum (Pacific mistletoe, western mistletoe)
^ illustration by Mary E. Eaton, “Our State Flowers: The Floral Emblems Chosen by the Commonwealths”, The National Geographic Magazine, XXXI (June 1917), p. 514.
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a b eflora North America; Phoradendron leucarpum Retrieved 24 May 2018.
^ “Phoradendron leucarpum”. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved January 14, 2008.
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a b “Phoradendron leucarpum (P. serotinum)”. North Carolina State University. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
^ “Phoradendron Mistletoe”. Jepson Herbarium, University of California, Berkeley. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
^ “Oak Mistletoe (Phoradendron leucarpum))”. Carolina Nature. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
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a b “Phoradendron leucarpum – (Raf.)Reveal.&M.C.Johnst”. Plants For A Future. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
^ “Mistletoe (Phoradendron leucarpum)”. Purdue University. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
^ “Oklahoma State Symbols”. Oklahoma Historical Society. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
^ Niering, William A.; Olmstead, Nancy C. (1985) [1979]. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Wildflowers, Eastern Region. Knopf. p. 622. ISBN 0-394-50432-1.