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This article is about the family containing types of perennials, bushes, and trees. For yuca, the term in numerous Latin American lingos for a types of root vegetable, see Cassava. For different utilizations, see Yucca (disambiguation).
Yucca filamentosa.jpg
Yucca filamentosa naturalized in New Zealand
Logical classificatione
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Agavoideae
Genus: Yucca
See text

Clistoyucca (Engelm.) Trel.
Samuela Trel.
Sarcoyucca (Engelm.) Linding.[1]
Yucca is a class of lasting bushes and trees in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae.[2] Its 40-50 species are outstanding for their rosettes of evergreen, intense, blade molded leaves and enormous terminal panicles of white or whitish blossoms. They are local to the hot and dry (bone-dry) portions of the Americas and the Caribbean.

Early reports of the species were mistaken for the cassava (Manihot esculenta).[3] Consequently, Linnaeus erroneously got the nonexclusive name from the Taíno word for the last option, yuca.[4] The Aztecs living in Mexico since before Spanish appearance, in Nahuatl, call the neighborhood yucca species (Yucca gigantea) iczotl, which gave the Spanish izote.[5][6] Izote is likewise utilized for Yucca filifera.[7]

1 Distribution
2 Ecology
3 Uses
3.1 Gastronomy
4 Cultivation
5 Symbolism
6 Species
7 Cultivars
8 Gallery
9 Notes
10 References
11 External connections

Dissemination of the capsular fruited species in southwest, midwest USA, Mexico’s Baja California and Canada, overview[citation needed]
The normal dissemination scope of the family Yucca (49 species and 24 subspecies) covers a tremendous region of the Americas. The sort is addressed all through Mexico and reaches out into Guatemala (Yucca guatemalensis). It likewise stretches out toward the north through Baja California in the west, northwards into the southwestern United States, through the drier focal states as far north as southern Alberta in Canada (Yucca glauca ssp. albertana).

Yucca is likewise local toward the north to the waterfront swamps and dry ocean side clean of the beach front region of the southeastern United States, along the Gulf of Mexico and South Atlantic States from seaside Texas to Maryland.

Yuccas have adjusted to a similarly immense scope of climatic and natural conditions. They are to be found in rough deserts and barren wasteland, in grasslands and prairie, in rocky locales, in light forest, in waterfront sands (Yucca filamentosa), and surprisingly in subtropical and semitemperate zones, albeit these are for the most part bone-dry to semi-parched.

Yuccas have an extremely specific, mutualistic fertilization framework, being pollinated by yucca moths (family Prodoxidae); the bug moves the dust from the stamens of one plant to the shame of another, and simultaneously lays an egg in the bloom; the moth hatchling then, at that point, benefits from a portion of the creating seeds, continuously passing on sufficient seed to sustain the species. Certain types of the yucca moth have developed adversarial highlights against the plant and don’t aid the plant’s fertilization endeavors while proceeding to lay their eggs in the plant for protection.[8]

Yucca species are the host plants for the caterpillars of the yucca monster captain (Megathymus yuccae),[9] ursine goliath captain (Megathymus ursus),[10] and Strecker’s monster captain (Megathymus streckeri).[11]

Enormous Joshua tree with thick trunk at Grapevine Springs Ranch, AZ

Purplish products of Yucca aloifolia.
Scarab herbivores incorporate yucca weevils, in the Curculionidae.

Yuccas are generally developed as elaborate plants in gardens. Numerous species likewise bear palatable parts, including organic products, seeds, blossoms, blooming stems,[12] and all the more seldom roots. References to yucca root as food regularly emerge from disarray with the comparatively articulated, however organically random, yuca, additionally called cassava or manioc (Manihot esculenta). Underlying foundations of soaptree (Yucca elata) are high in saponins and are utilized as a cleanser in Native American customs. Dried yucca leaves and trunk strands have a low start temperature, making the plant attractive for use in lighting fires through grinding. The stem (when dried) that sports the blossoms is regularly utilized as a team with a durable piece of cedar for fire making.[13] In rustic Appalachian regions, species, for example, Yucca filamentosa are alluded to as “meat holders”. The extreme, sinewy leaves, with their sharp-spined tips, were utilized to penetrate meat and tied to frame a circle with which to drape meat for salt relieving or in smoke houses. The filaments can be utilized to make cordage, be it sewing string or rope.[citation needed]

The blossom petals are ordinarily eaten in Central America, however its conceptive organs (the anthers and ovaries) are first taken out in view of their bitterness.[14] The petals are whitened for 5 minutes, and afterward cooked a la mexicana (with tomato, onion, bean stew) or in tortitas con salsa (egg-battered patties with green or red sauce). In Guatemala, they are bubbled and eaten with lemon juice.[14]

In El Salvador, the delicate tips of stems are eaten, and referred to locally as cogollo de izote.[14]

The most widely recognized houseplant yucca will be Yucca gigantea.[15]

Yuccas are generally developed as building plants giving an emotional emphasize to scene plan. They endure a scope of conditions, however are best filled in full sun in subtropical or gentle calm regions. In cultivating focuses and agricultural inventories they are normally gathered with other structural plants like cordylines and phormiums.[16]

A few types of yucca can be filled outside in mild environments, including:- [16]

Yucca filamentosa
Yucca flaccida
Yucca gigantea
Yucca gloriosa
Yucca recurvifolia
Yucca rostrata
The yucca bloom is the state blossom of New Mexico in the southwest United States. No species name is given in the reference; notwithstanding, the New Mexico Centennial Blue Book from 2012 references the soaptree (Yucca elata) as one of the more far reaching species in New Mexico.[N 1]

The Yucca bloom is additionally the public blossom of El Salvador, where it is known as flor de izote.[17]

As of February 2012, the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families perceives 49 types of Yucca and various hybrids:[18]

Plant Flowers Species name Common name
Yucca aloifolia 4.jpg Yucca-aloifolia-20071002-2.jpg Yucca aloifolia L. (Type species) (syn. Yucca yucatana) Aloe yucca, Spanish blade
Yucca angustissima fh 1179.14 AZ B.jpg 2015.05.08 15.35.42 IMG 2033 – Flickr – andrey zharkikh.jpg Yucca angustissima Engelm. ex Trel. (counting Yucca kanabensis) Narrowleaf yucca, Spanish blade
Yucca arkansana fh 1185.30 TX B.jpg Arkansas (Yucca Arkansana) (4617871936).jpg Yucca arkansana Trel.
Yucca baccata whole.jpg Yucca baccata close.jpg Yucca baccata Torr. (counting Yucca thornberi) Banana yucca, datil
Yucca baileyi.jpg Yucca baileyi ssp. intermedia fh 1208 NM B.jpg Yucca baileyi Wooton and Standl. (syn. Yucca standleyi McKelvey)
Joshua Tree in Joshua Tree National Park.jpg Yucca brevifolia flower.jpg Yucca brevifolia Engelm. Joshua tree
Yucca campestris fh 1179.82 BB.jpg Yucca campestris McKelvey
Yucca capensis fh 0619 Baja California Sur B.jpg Yucca capensis L.W.Lenz
Yucca carnerosana fh 1179.26 TX B.jpg Yucca carnerosana (Trel.) McKelvey
Yucca cernua fh 1184.94 TX B.JPG Yucca cernua fh 1185.31 TX BB.JPG Yucca cernua E.L.Keith
Yucca coahuilensis fh 1184.45 TX BB.jpg Yucca coahuilensis Matuda and I.L.Pina
Yucca constricta fh 1180.67 TX B.jpg Yucca constricta Buckley Buckley’s yucca
Yucca decipiens.jpg Yucca decipiens 2.jpg Yucca decipiens Trel. Palma china
Yucca declinata Laferr.
Yucca desmetiana Baker
Yucca elata blooming.jpg Yucca elata flowers.jpg Yucca elata (Engelm.) Engelm. Soaptree yucca
Yucca endlichiana fh 0334 MEX B.jpg Yucca endlichiana Trel.
Yucca torreyi fh 1180.18 TX B.jpg Yucca faxoniana Sarg. (syn. Yucca torreyi) Torrey yucca
Yucca filamentosa.jpg Yucca filamentosa1.jpg Yucca filamentosa L. Spoonleaf yucca, fiber yucca, or Adam’s needle
Yucca filifera Monaco.jpg Yucca filifera Chabaud Palma china
Yucca flaccida.jpg Yucca flaccida Haw. Flaccid leaf yucca
Barcelona 354.JPG Yucca gigantea Lem. (syn. Yucca guatemalensis) Spineless yucca
Yucca glauca soapweed MN 2007.JPG Yucca glauca Sinijukka VII08 H6193.jpg Yucca glauca Nutt. Great Plains yucca
Yucca gloriosa 10.JPG Yucca gloriosa L. (counting Yucca recurvifolia) Moundlily yucca, Adam’s needle, Spanish blade
Yucca grandiflora fh 0401 MEX B.jpg Yucca grandiflora Gentry Sahuiliqui yucca
2015.05.09 07.13.50 IMG 2070 – Flickr – andrey zharkikh.jpg Yucca harrimaniae subsp. gilbertiana fh 1186.14 UT B.jpg Yucca harrimaniae Trel. (syn. Yucca nana) Harriman’s yucca
Yucca baileyi subsp. intermedia fh 1179.25 NM B.jpg Yucca intermedia McKelvey Intermediate yucca
Yucca jaliscensis.jpg Yucca jaliscensis (Trel.) Trel. Izote
Yucca lacandonica fh 0376 MEX B.jpg Yucca lacandonica Gómez Pompa and J.Valdés Tropical yucca
Yucca linearifolia MEX BB.jpg Yucca linearifolia Clary
Mexican Blue Yucca, Rio Grande Botanic Garden, Albuquerque NM.jpg Yucca luminosa (syn. Yucca rigida) Blue yucca
Yucca madrensis Gentry Soco yucca
Yucca mixtecana fh 0380 MEX B.jpg Yucca mixtecana García-Mend.
Yucca necopina Shinners
Yucca harrimaniae subsp. neomexicana fh 1180.76 COL B.jpg Yucca neomexicana Wooton and Standl. New Mexican Spanish blade
Yucca pallida.jpg Yucca pallida McKelvey Pale yucca
Yucca periculosa 1.jpg Yucca periculosa Baker Izote
Yucca potosina fh 0388 MEX B.jpg Yucca potosina Rzed.
Yucca queretaroensis fh 0335 MEX B.jpg Yucca queretaroensis Piña Luján
Yucca reverchonii – Botanischer Garten der Universität Würzburg.JPG Yucca reverchonii Trel.
Yucca rostrata.jpg Yucca rostrata Engelm

^ No species name is listed in state statutes, however the New Mexico Centennial Blue Book from 2012 references the soaptree yucca (Yucca elata) as one of the more widespread species in New Mexico.
^ “Yucca L.” Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2010-01-19. Retrieved 2010-06-07.
^ Chase, M.W.; Reveal, J.L. & Fay, M.F. (2009), “A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae”, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161 (2): 132–136, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00999.x
^ Irish, Gary (2000). Agaves, Yuccas, and Related Plants: a Gardener’s Guide. Timber Press. p. 18. ISBN 978-0-88192-442-8.
^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names. Vol. 4 R-Z. Taylor & Francis US. p. 2862. ISBN 978-0-8493-2678-3.
^ ASALE, RAE-; RAE. “izote | Diccionario de la lengua española”. «Diccionario de la lengua española» – Edición del Tricentenario (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-11-23.
^ “Yucca gigantea Spineless yucca, Izote PFAF Plant Database”. Retrieved 2021-11-23.
^ Guillot Ortiz, Daniel (2009). El género Yucca L. en España. Piet van der Meer. Jaca: Jolube. p. 55. ISBN 978-84-937291-8-9. OCLC 1123383406.
^ Segraves, Kari A.; Althoff, David M. & Pellmyr, Olle (1 October 2008). “The evolutionary ecology of cheating: does superficial oviposition facilitate the evolution of a cheater yucca moth?”. Ecological Entomology. 33 (6): 765–770. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2311.2008.01031.x. S2CID 55871573.
^ Daniels, Jaret C. “Yucca Giant-Skipper Butterfly, Megathymus yuccae (Boisduval & Leconte) (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae)”. Electronic Data Information Source. University of Florida IFAS Extension. Retrieved 2010-06-07.
^ “Ursine Giant-Skipper Megathymus ursus Poling, 1902”. Butterflies and Moths of North America. Retrieved 2010-06-07.
^ “Strecker’s Giant-Skipper Megathymus streckeri (Skinner, 1895)”. Butterflies and Moths of North America. Retrieved 2010-06-07.
^ Couplan, François (1998). The Encyclopedia of Edible Plants of North America. McGraw Hill Professional. ISBN 978-0-87983-821-8.
^ Baugh, Dick (1999). “the Miracle of Fire by Friction”. In David Wescott (ed.). Primitive Technology: A Book of Earth Skills (10 ed.). pp. 32–33. ISBN 978-0-87905-911-8.
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a b c Pieroni, Andrea (2005). Prance, Ghillean; Nesbitt, Mark (eds.). The Cultural History of Plants. Routledge. p. 33. ISBN 0415927463.
^ “Yucca: the November 2020 Houseplant of the Month”.
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a b RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
^ “maquilishuat tree | plant | Britannica”. Retrieved 2021-11-23.
^ World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2012-02-23, search for “Yucca”
Fritz Hochstätter (Hrsg.): Yucca (Agavaceae). Band 1 Dehiscent-fruited species in the Southwest and Midwest of the USA, Canada and Baja California , Selbst Verlag, 2000. ISBN 3-00-005946-6
Fritz Hochstätter (Hrsg.): Yucca (Agavaceae). Band 2 Indehiscent-fruited species in the Southwest, Midwest and East of the USA, Selbst Verlag. 2002. ISBN 3-00-009008-8
Fritz Hochstätter (Hrsg.): Yucca (Agavaceae). Band 3 Mexico , Selbst Verlag, 2004. ISBN 3-00-013124-8